Conditions and Treatments

Glaucoma

Glaucoma Treatment | Glaucoma Surgery Oklahoma City OK | Edmond OKGlaucoma is a leading cause of blindness and visual impairment in the United States. Glaucoma, known as the "sneak thief of sight," can affect patients of all ages. Many people affected with glaucoma do not experience any symptoms and may not be aware that they have the disease until they have lost a significant amount of vision. With early detection and treatment, eyes can be protected against the serious loss of vision or blindness.

Glaucoma can affect anyone from newborn infants to the elderly. It has been estimated that up to 3 million Americans have glaucoma. At least half of those people do not know they have glaucoma because it usually has no symptoms.

Types of Glaucoma

There are several types of glaucoma with two main types: open-angle and angle-closure.

Open-Angle Glaucoma

Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma where the fluid in the eye drains too slowly through the network of tiny drainage channels, known as the trabecula. The pressure in the eye increases as the fluid in the eye continues to build. Loss of vision occurs gradually and the vision loss is not always noticed until it becomes irreversible. About 95 percent of glaucoma cases are due to open-angle glaucoma.

Angle-Closure Glaucoma

Angle-closure glaucoma occurs when the tiny drainage channels, known as the trabecula, become blocked which then causes a sudden rise in pressure in the eye. This condition is not common but when it occurs it requires immediate medical attention.

Risk Factors for Glaucoma

Everyone is at risk for developing glaucoma. Those at greater risk meet the following criteria:

  • Are at least 45 years old without regular eye exams
  • Have a family history of glaucoma
  • Have abnormally high eye pressure
  • Are of African descent
  • Are Hispanic and older than 60
  • Are nearsighted
  • Have thin corneas
  • Have diabetes
  • Have a previous eye injury
  • Regularly use cortisone/steroid products

Diagnosis of Glaucoma

To detect glaucoma, Dr. Miranda will test your visual acuity and visual field and test the pressure in your eye. The latest technology in optic nerve imaging is also part of your initial evaluation. Regular and complete eye exams help to monitor the changes in your eyesight and to determine whether you may develop glaucoma.

Treatment of Glaucoma

Treatment to control glaucoma include medications in the form of either eye drops or pills, laser surgery and conventional surgery.

Prevention of Glaucoma

There is no way to prevent glaucoma from developing, however, the following suggestions may prevent glaucoma from progressing:

  • Get regular comprehensive eye examinations
  • Get an annual screening for glaucoma
  • Follow the doctor's recommended treatment plan
  • Make healthy lifestyle changes
  • Protect eyes from injury

After losing some sight or experiencing low vision as a result of glaucoma, there are services and programs available that will help the patient lead a normal, independent life.


If you would like more information about Glaucoma or to schedule an appointment, feel free to fill out our convenient contact form or call us directly at 405.602.0002.


To schedule a consultation with Dr. Miranda or to learn more about our practice and services, please call

405.602.0002 Dr. Miranda

Amalia M. Miranda, MD

3435 NW 56th St. Suite 700 Oklahoma City, OK 73112 » Get Map & Directions
Tel: 405.602.0002
Fax: 405.602.0016 » Contact Us

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